A .54 STARR PATENT CAPPING BREECH LOADING CARBINE OF THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR, CIRCA 1863, serial no 13,470,
with 21in. barrel stamped 'STARR ARMS X YONKERS N.Y', fitted with a dovetailed block and blade fore-sight, and battle leaf rear-sights, breech tang stamped 'STARR'S PATENT / SEPT. 14TH 1858' and fitted with a side-rib and ring, back-action lock also signed 'STARR ARMS CO / YONKERS N.Y.', two piece brass mounted walnut stock, half fore-end secured by one brass spring retained band
Provenance: This pattern of carbine was designed by Ebenezer T. Starr, and in U.S. Government tests was rated better than the Sharps. Over 20,000 were supplied to the army between1862 to 1865. They were widely issued and saw considerable service in action against the Confederates. Quantities were sent to garrisons in the West and issued to various State militia and volunteer units, the most famous or infamous being the Colorado volunteers under the command of Colonel John M. Chivington, a Methodist minister. It was this Colonel Chivington who with 700 volunteers attacked the camp of Chief Black Kettle, a peaceful group of Native Americans under the protection of Fort Lyon and Major Wynkoop. It appears Wynkoop conspired with Chivington to attack the camp of Black Kettle and his followers, at the end of the day 200 Native Americans lay dead mostly women and children. The event went down in history as the Sand Creek massacre and the unit responsible carried mainly Starr carbines
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